Edorium Journal of

Disability and Rehabilitation

 
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Original Article
 
Transfer of learning of a pattern drawing task in typically developing children
Kinsuk Maitra1, Martin S. Rice2, Hae Yean Park3
1PhD, OTR/L, Chair and Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, Florida International University, Miami, FL. USA.
2PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, Professor and Program Director, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH. USA.
3PhD, OT, Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, Yonsei University, Wonju-si, South Korea.

Article ID: 100005D05KM2016
doi:10.5348/D05-2016-5-OA-1

Address correspondence to:
Hae Yean Park
106ho, Backun-kwan, Yonsei Univ.
Maeji-ri, Heungeop-myeon
Wonju-si, Gangwon-o
South Korea, 220-710

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How to cite this article
Maitra K, Rice MS, Park HY. Transfer of learning of a pattern drawing task in typically developing children Edorium J Disabil Rehabil 2016;2:1–8.


Abstract
Aims: The purpose of this study was to explore whether typically developing children learn a motor skill better if the skill is first learned by the proximal motor apparatus and then transferred to the distal motor apparatus.
Methods: Thirty-one typically developing children were randomly assigned to either proximal or distal muscle group. The children in the proximal muscle group learned to draw a large pattern using the proximal muscle groups (shoulder and elbow) and transferred the skill to the distal muscle group (wrist and hand) by reproducing a similar but smaller pattern. The children in the distal muscle group did the opposite. A two-way ANOVA is used for data analysis.
Results: The results showed that the interaction between the main factor of direction and condition yielded significance. Also, skill was transferred in both in proximal to distal (P2D) and distal to proximal (D2P) children group. Error units were decreased between original learning (OL) and transfer learning (TL) in P2D children group.
Conclusion: The results further suggest that children would be able to learn a novel motor task using either their proximal motor apparatus that is shoulder and elbow or using their distal motor apparatus that is wrist and hands. Future study should focus on indicating if it would help for child with intellectual disabilities or motor impairments to learn drawing tasks.

Keywords: Children, Drawing, Handwriting, Intervention, Transfer of learning


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Author Contributions:
Kinsuk Maitra – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content; Final approval of the version to be published
Martin S. Rice – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Final approval of the version to be published
Hae Yean Park – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2016 Kinsuk Maitra et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



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