Edorium Journal of

Disability and Rehabilitation

 
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Original Article
 
Improve social support after a stroke through modified constraint-induced therapy
Arlette Doussoulin1, José Saiz2, Jasim Najum3
1Assistant Professor, Arlette Doussoulin, Professor, Pediatric and Surgery Department, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile.
2Titular Professor, Jose Saiz, Professor, Psychology Department, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile.
3Instructor Professor, Jasim Najum, Physiotherapist, Physical Therapy Program, Universidad de la Frontera, Chile.

Article ID: 100015D05AD2016
doi:10.5348/D05-2016-15-OA-11

Address correspondence to:
Arlette Patricia Doussoulin
Francisco Salazar 01145
Temuco
Chile, 4780000

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How to cite this article
Doussoulin A, Saiz J, Najum J. Improve social support after a stroke through modified constraint-induced therapy. Edorium J Disabil Rehabil 2016;2:88–95.


Abstract
Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of collective versus individual neurorehabilitation in improving the social support for patients who have suffered a stroke.
Methods: A randomized clinical trial was conducted, in which 36 post-stroke patients participated; they worked for three hours per day for ten days with constraint-induced movement therapy, divided into two treatment types: collective and individual therapy. Social support was assessed at the beginning and end of the study using the medical outcomes study-social support survey (MOS-SSS).
Results: Monitoring the pre-treatment scores, a covariance analysis indicated that social support presents significant differences in favor of collective therapy.
Conclusion: Both treatment types improved social support for post-stroke patients. However, the clinical and practical effectiveness of collective therapy was significant.

Keywords: Constraint-induced movement therapy, Neurological rehabilitation, Social support, Stroke


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Author Contributions:
Arlette Doussoulin – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Jose Luis Saiz – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Jasim Najum – Conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2016 Arlette Doussoulin et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



About The Authors

Arlette Doussoulin is Assistant Professor at Pediatric and Surgery Department, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile. She is a physiotherapist and received Master Science of Human Movement and PhD in Human Movement. Professor Doussoulin works as clinical physiotherapist at the Rehabilitation Center in Universidad de La Frontera. She has conducted research or projects like DIUFRO or FONIS-Chile, and authored or coauthored publications in Spanish and English. She is author of Manual about Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy in Spanish. She is member of Red of Neurorehabilitation at the South of Chile.



José Saiz is Titular Professor, Psychology Department, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile. He earned undergraduate degree Psychology Doctor of Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, Master of Arts in Psychology of Wake Forest University, North Carolina, USA. He has published 50 research papers in national and international academic journals and authored three books. His research interests include social psychology and research methods in programs of undergraduate and graduate in psychology.



Jasim Najum is Instructor Professor, Jasim Najum, Physiotherapist, Physical Therapy Program, Universidad de la Frontera, Chile.




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