Edorium Journal of

Disability and Rehabilitation

 
     
Review Article
 
Scoping review of the development of artificial eyes throughout the years
Holly Chinnery1, Simon B. N. Thompson2, Siamak Noroozi3, Bryce Dyer4
1BSc (Hons), MSc, PG Cert, Post-graduate Researcher, Psychology Research Centre, Faculty of Science & Technology, Bournemouth University, Poole, UK.
2BA (Hons), MPhil, PhD, PhD, PGDIS, PGCLTHE, PGCRDS, PFMBNS, MARB, MNYAS, FRSA, SFHEA), Associate Professor of Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology, Psychology Research Centre, Faculty of Science & Technology, Bournemouth University, Poole, UK.
3MEng, PhD, Director of Design simulation Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Design and Engineering, Bournemouth University, Poole, UK.
4BA (Hons), MSc, PhD, Head of Research & Professional Practice and Principal Academic, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Design and Engineering, , Bournemouth University, Poole, UK.

Article ID: 100025D05HC2017
doi:10.5348/D05-2017-25-RA-1

Address correspondence to:
Holly Chinnery
P104, Poole House, Psychology Research Centre
Faculty of Science & Technology Talbot Campus, Fern Barrow
Poole Dorset
UK BH12 5BB

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How to cite this article
Chinnery H, Thompson SBN, Noroozi S, Dyer B. Scoping review of the development of artificial eyes throughout the years. Edorium J Disabil Rehabil 2017;3:1–10.


Abstract
Losing an eye following trauma can lead to profound psychosocial difficulties making it imperative for the wearer to be fitted with an aesthetically pleasing custom-made artificial eye. Despite recent technological advancements, current design and manufacturing processes have remained unchanged in over 55 years. With the aim of portraying current knowledge regarding the development of artificial eyes in order to aid future development, a scooping review was conducted. Six online search engines were used: Scopus, PubMed, MedLine Complete, Web of Science, Science Direct and Google Scholar. Thirty-eight articles met the inclusion criteria and underwent numerical and thematic analysis with three thematic themes emerging. History and the current process of artificial eyes has been well documented, however, the impact of wearing artificial eyes is sparse. On-going research and development into the design and manufacturing processes of artificial eyes and the psychosocial impact of wearing an artificial eye is needed.

Keywords: Artificial eyes, Eye loss, Historical and technological development of artificial eyes, Prosthetic eyes, Psychosocial impact of prosthetics


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Author Contributions
Holly Chinnery – Substantial contribution to the conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Simon B. N. Thompson – Substantial contribution to the conception and design, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Siamak Noroozi – Substantial contribution to the conception and design, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Bryce Dyer – Substantial contribution to the conception and design, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2017 Holly Chinnery et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



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