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Edorium Journal of

Disability and Rehabilitation

 
     
Original Article
 
Elderly Norwegian Polio Survivors: Predictors of self-perceived physical and psychological health
Anne-Kristine Schanke1, Lillian Vigdis Festvåg2, Geir Strømsholm3, Johan Kvalvik Stanghelle4, Per-Ola Rike5, Marianne Løvstad6
1Head Psychologist, Department of Research, Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital HF, Nesodden, Norway, and Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
2Physiotherapist, Research Assistant, Department of Research, Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital HF, Nesodden, Norway, and National Society of Polio Survivors, LFPS, Norway
3President of the National Society of Polio Survivors, LFPS, Norway
4Research Director, Department of Research, Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital HF, Nesodden, Norway, and Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
5Psychologist, Department for Evaluation, Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital HF, Nesodden, Norway
6Psychologist, Researcher, Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital HF, Nesodden, Norway, and Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Article ID: 100042D05AS2018
doi: 10.5348/100042D05AS2018OA

Corresponding Author:
Anne-Kristine Schanke
Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital
Bjørnemyrveien 11
State: Bjørnemyr, Norway 1453

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How to cite this article
Schanke AK, Festvåg LV, Strømsholm G, Stanghelle JK, Rike PO, Løvstad M. Elderly Norwegian Polio Survivors: Predictors of self-perceived physical and psychological healt. Edorium J Disabil Rehabil 2018;4:100042D05AS2018.


ABSTRACT

Aims: To explore self-perceived physical and psychological health among elderly Norwegian polio survivors. Methods: A questionnaire was distributed to the Norwegian Society of Polio Survivors (LFPS) and others registered with polio in the South-Eastern Norway the last five years (n=1968). A total of 1408 persons responded (72 %). Participants below age 65 years were excluded, leaving 1155 subjects, with a mean age of 72.5 years. The questionnaire covered data from the onset of polio and current demographic, physical, health-related, psychological and social variables. Lisat 11, Fatigue Severity Scale, Visual Analog Pain Scale and the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) were also included.

Results: Concomitant diseases, use of wheelchair, pain and fatigue and a negative perception of the future were associated with unsatisfactory physical health, while feeling psychologically harmed by early treatment and the RSA Factor Perception of self predicted psychological health. Polio survivors demonstrated a capacity for resilience, as they largely reported RSA-scores comparable with young healthy controls.

Conclusion: Polio survivors represent a pioneer generation of disabled, who have experienced multiple adversities, longstanding disabilities and physical decline. They still need professionals with expertise on aging with polio and an understanding for the challenges they have experienced.

Keywords: Physical health, Polio, Post-polio syndrome, Psychological health, Resilience


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Acknowledgements
The authors would like to thank TNS Gallup, Jonny Nordøy and AudunFladmoe. We will also thank the Hunt Study, which is collaboration between HUNT Research Centre (Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology NTNU), Nord-Trøndelag County Council, Central Norway Health Authority, and the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. In addition, we thank the board of the National Society of Polio Survivors, LFPS, for collaboration and finally, all polio survivors who have contributed in sharing their experiences in this study.
Author Contributions
Anne-Kristine Schanke – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Lillian Vigdis Festvåg – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Geir Strømsholm – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Johan Kvalvik Stanghelle – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Per-Ola Rike – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Marianne Løvstad – Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of Submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of Support
None
Consent Statement
Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this study.
Conflict of Interest
Author declares no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2018 Anne-Kristine Schanke et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



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